Professional answers to frequently asked questions on Child Sexual Abuse, and Gender based violence Learn more and put knowledge into action

About child Abuse

Sexual abuse is any situation where a child is used for sexual gratification. This may include indecent exposure, fondling, rape, or commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.
Child abuse or neglect often takes place in the home at the hands of a person the child knows well-a parent, relative, babysitter, or friend of the family. There are four major types of child maltreatment. Although any of the forms may be found separately, they often occur together.
Child abuse and neglect affect children of every age, race, and income level. However, research has figured many factors relating to the child, family, community, and society that are associated with an incresed risk of child abuse and neglect. Studies also have shown that when multiple risk factors are present, the risk is greater. Some of the most common risk factors include: Immaturity, unrealistic expectations, stress, substance use, integenarational truama and isolation.
Children who have experienced abuse or neglect need support from caring adults who understand the impact of trauma and how to help. Help children feel safe. support them in expressing and managing intense emotions.

About gender based violence (GBV)

Gender Based Violence (GBV) refers to harmful acts directed at an individual or a group of individuals based on their gender. It is rooted in gender inequality, the abuse of power and harmful norms. The term is Primarily used to underscore the fact that structural, gender-based power differentials place women and girls at risk for multiple forms of violence. While women and girls suffer disproportionately from GBV, men and boys can also be targeted.

What are the types of Gender Based Violence?

  • Female Genital Mutilation
  • Rape
  • Domestic violence.
  • Child Marriage
  • Sexual Harassment
  • Intimate partner violence.
The root causes of Gender Based violence are:
  • Social/Cultural Norms
  • Gender-biased political and economic policies
  • Rigid gender roles.
  • Religious Beliefs
  • Nations of masculinity linked to dominance.
  • Poverty.
Domestic Violence also called intimate partner violence occurs between people in an intimate relationship. Domestic violence can take many forms, including emotional, sexual and physical abuse and threats of abuse. Domestic violence can happen in heterosexual or some-sex relationships always involve an imbalance of power and control. An abuser uses intimidating, hurtful words and behaviors to control his or her partner.
Rape is unlawful sexual activity, most often involving sexual intercourse, against the will of the victim through force or the threat of force or within an individual who is incapable of giving legal consent because of minor status, mental illness, mental dificiency, toxication, unconciousness, or deception.